A.R. Penck (born Ralf Winkler in Dresden in 1939 - died in Zurich, May 2, 2017). After 2004 he lived and worked between Ireland and Germany. He held one-man shows in recent years at: Museo Rufino Tamayo, Mexico City (1995); Municipal Museum of Contemporary Art, Hiroshima (1997); Museum Kuppersmuhle Sammlung Grothe, Duisburg (2003); Museum voor Moderne Kunst, Ostende (2003); Arario Beijing, Beijing (2006); Shanghai Zendai Museum of Modern Art, Shanghai (2006); Schirn Kunsthalle, Frankfurt (2008) then traveled to Kunsthalle Kiel and Musée d'art moderne de la Ville de Paris; Staatliches Museum fur Kunst und Design, Nuremberg (2008).
In Italy his work was seen in important group shows: Fine Novecento; Palazzo Tiranni Castracane, Cagli (2003); Kunstkollettiva, Galleria Adarte, Padenghe sul Grada (2003); Autobiografia di una Galleria, Galleria Giò Marconi, Milan (2004); il teatro dell'arte Villa Manin, Codroipo, UD (2005).